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BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Courses Offered in Biological Sciences

NONMAJOR COURSES (may not be used to fulfill the requirements for the major in biological sciences)
MAJOR COURSES (satisfies the rquirements for the major in biological sciences)
•GRADUATE COURSES (consult the graduate coordinatore or your mentor to complete your plan of study)
COURSE ROTATION


NONMAJOR COURSES (may not be used to fulfill the requirements for the major in biological sciences)

*indicates courses that may be used to satisfy general education requirements

*Biol 103. Microbes and You. (3). (NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED) This introductory level course will survey general information about microbial physiology, biochemistry, and ecology which will support more detailed discussions of interesting topics in food, medical, applied and environmental microbiology. Included will be subjects of general interest, as well as, current newsworthy topics. Credit for this course will not be given if the student has completed any biology course beyond the 100 level. This course may not be used for credit toward the undergraduate or graduate majors in biological sciences.

*Biol 106. The Human Organism. (3). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) General education introductory course. Introduces the nonscience major to certain biological principles as they relate to the human organism, provides biological information and the understanding of subjects which are relevant to the student's own well-being and role as a world citizen, and increases awareness of the human place in the biosphere. Concurrent or subsequent enrollment in Biol 107 is recommended for students needing general education credit for a natural science laboratory experience. Credit for this course may not be applied toward the requirements for a major or minor in biological sciences. Only one of the following may be taken for credit: Biol 104, Biol 105, Biol 106 and/or Biol 107. Students wishing to repeat Biol 105 (no longer offered) should enroll in Biol 106 and Biol 107.

*Biol 107. Human Organism Laboratory. (1). 2L. (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) General education introductory course for the non-science major. Supplements and reinforces the material covered in Biol 106 with a laboratory experience. Uses a hands-on approach and covers topics relevant to the students and their role in the biosphere. Includes cell structure, human organ systems, the role of microorganisms in our environment, nutrition, metabolism, genetics and ecology. Requires no animal dissection. Credit for this course may not be applied toward the requirements for a major or minor in biological sciences. Only one of the following may be taken for credit: Biol 104, 105, 106 and/or 107. Students wishing to repeat Biol 105 (no longer offered) should enroll in Biol 106 and 107.

*Biol 220. Introduction to Microbiology. (4). 3R; 2L.  (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) For students in allied health fields. Introduces eucaryotic and procaryotic microorganisms and viruses and develops an understanding of microbial growth, including the use of antiseptics, disinfectants, and antibiotics; DNA as the genetic material including DNA replication, protein synthesis, gene regulation, mutation and gene exchange in bacteria; applied and environmental microbiology including water and sewage treatment and food microbiology; resistance to infection, basic mechanisms of pathogenesis, and selected microbial diseases. The lab reinforces concepts learned in lecture and helps the student gain an understanding of and develop competence in basic microbial techniques including the safe handling of microorganisms. Credit earned inthis course may not be applied toward the requirements for a major or minor in biological sciences. Students may not receive credit for both Biol 120 (no longer offered) and Biol 220. Students wishing to repeat Biol 120 may enroll in this course. Prerequisite: Chem 101, 103 or 111.

*Biol 223. Human Anatomy and Physiology. (5). 4R; 2L.  (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Presents the structure and function of the major human body systems. Demonstrates the structure and function of certain systems further in the laboratory setting. For students majoring in programs other than biological sciences or biochemistry. Students who have completed Biol 225 or Biol 226 (both no longer offered) may not receive credit for prior enrollment in these courses and subsequent enrollment in Biol 223. Students seeking to repeat Biol 225 or Biol 226 may enroll in this course, subject to the credit limitations indicated above. Prerequisites: Chem 101, Chem 103 or Chem 111

*Biol 309. Foundations of Human Heredity. (3).   (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS) General education further study course. This course will provide an introduction to the mechanisms and societal significances of development, transmission and population genetics of humans. It will also draw attention to inborn errors of metabolism and development and the roles of genetic counseling and genetic engineering in their management. This course is designed for students majoring outside of the natural sciences and cannot carry credit toward a biological sciences major or minor.

*Biol 310. Human Reproduction: Issues and Perspectives. (3). (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS) General education issues and perspectives course. Presents a comprehensive survey of the many biological aspects of reproduction. Covers structure and function of the reproductive system, as well as information on in vitro fertilization, fertility testing, contraception, population problems, AIDS, cancer, reproductive issues, ethical problems and other concerns about the control of human reproduction. Prerequisites: any one of the following: Biol 106, 210 or 223.

*Biol 370. Introductory Environmental Science. (3). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) General education issues and perspectives course. Examines the relationship of the earth's human populations to resource use/depletion and to the impact of human activities on the environment. Introduces and uses basic concepts relating to energy, populations, and ecosystems as a basis for understanding environmental problems on the local, regional, national, and international levels.

*Biol 518. Biology of Aging. (3).  Cross-listed as Gerontology 518Q.(OFFERED EVERY SPRING)  An introduction to the phenomenon of aging, including a survey of age-related processes and mechanisms of senescence emphasizing humans. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: a basic course in biological sciences that satisfies general education requirements.


MAJOR COURSES (satisfies the rquirements for the major in biological sciences)

*Biol. 210. General Biology I. (4). 3R; 2L. (OFFERED FALL & SPRING) General education introductory course. Introduces fundamental concepts in cellular and molecular biology. Includes basic biological chemistry; cell and membrane structure and function; aerobic and anaerobic respiratory pathways; intermediary metabolism and photosynthesis; regulation of cellular activities at genetic and protein levels; cellular reproduction; mechanisms of inheritance at molecular, organismal and population levels; phylogeny; and evolution. The laboratory develops student's skills in the experimental method, basic laboratory procedures, and written communication of scientific information using topics related to the lecture. Students may not receive credit for both Biol. 204 (no longer offered) and Biol. 210. Students wishing to repeat Biol. 204 may enroll in this course, subject to the credit limitations indicated above. Prerequisite: concurrent enrollment in Chem. 111 is recommended.

*Biol. 211. General Biology II. (4). 3R; 2L.  (OFFERED FALL & SPRING) Introduces fundamental concepts of biology as they apply to levels of organization from organisms through ecosystems. Focuses on morphology, physiology, diversity and ecology of organisms. Introduces growth and anatomy, transport of materials, regulatory mechanisms and reproduction in plants; and, nutrient procurement, circulation, neural and hormonal regulation, reproduction, immune responses and behavior in animals. Principles of ecology presented include population growth and regulation; interspecific interactions and food webs; and, energy flow and material cycling though ecosystems. The laboratory includes a survey of organismal diversity including prokaryotes, protists, fungi, plants and animals; and, emphasizes evolutionary trends in the plant and animal kingdoms. Students may not receive credit for both Biology 203 (no longer offered) and Biology 211. Students wishing to repeat Biol. 203 may enroll in this course, subject to the credit limitations indicated above. Prerequisite: Biology 210. Concurrent enrollment in Chem. 112 is recommended.

Biol. 330. General Microbiology. (5). 3R; 6L. (OFFERED EVERY FALL) Introduces the structure, function, systematics, ecology, and population dynamics of microorganisms emphasizing prokaryotes. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 418. General Ecology. (4). 3R; 3L. (OFFERED EVERY FALL) Principles underlying the interrelationships of living organisms and their environment from the biosphere to the population level of organization. Some laboratory exercises and class projects conducted at local field sites. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem 112

Biol. 419. Genetics. (4). 3R; 3L. (OFFERED EVERY FALL) The mechanisms of heredity and variation in animals, plants, and prokaryotes with a critical review of gene structure and function. Prerequisites: Biol 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 420. Molecular Cell Biology. (4). 3R; 2L. (OFFERED EVERY SPRING) Concerned primarily with the molecular biology of eukaryotic cells. Covers individual cellular components (organelles) and processes includes the plasma membrane, mitochondrion and energy conversion, intracellular sorting, the cell nucleus and genetic mechanisms, control of gene expression, cell signalling, cell growth and division, cancer, and cellular mechanisms of development. Reviews and demonstrates current techniques and experimental approaches for studying cells. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol 481. Cooperative Education. (2-4) (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Course complements and enhances the student's academic program by providing an opportunity to apply knowledge gained through course work to job-related situations. For information contact the Biological Sciences chair  or contact the Cooperative Education program office. No more than four credit hours earned in Biol 481 may be applied toward satisfying the requirements for a major in biological sciences. Prerequisite: applicant and cooperative education position approved by the departmental affairs committee. Offered Cr/NCr only.

Biol 497. Biology Colloquium. (1). (OFFERED FALL & SPRING) Research seminars presented by graduate students, faculty, and visiting researchers. Requires a written term paper on one of the presented topics. Repeatable once for credit. S/U Grade only. Prerequisites: two of the following -- Biol 418, Biol 419, Biol 420.

Biol 498. Undergraduate Independent Reading. (2). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Students perform library scholarship under the direct supervision of faculty and write a report. No more than six credit hours earned from Biol 498, Biol 499 or equivalent independent study courses may be applied toward departmental major graduation requirements. S/U Grade only. Prerequisite: at least 20 hours of biology course work that satisfies the major requirements; instructor's consent; a Directed Independent Study Abstract Form; and departmental consent.

Biol 499. Undergraduate Research. (2-4). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Students perform laboratory or field research under the direct supervision of faculty and write a report. No more than six credit hours earned from Biol 498, Biol 499 or equivalent independent study courses may be applied toward departmental major graduation requirements. S/U Grade only. Prerequisite: at least 20 hours of biology course work that satisfies the major requirements; instructor's consent; a Directed Independent Study Abstract Form; and departmental consent.

COURSES LISTED AT THE LEVEL OF 500 AND ABOVE MAY BE USED ON THE GRADUATE PLAN OF STUDY

Biol. 502. Vascular Plants. (4). 2R; 4L. (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS) An introduction to the structure, reproduction, and evolution of the major groups of living and extinct vascular plants. Includes an introduction to flowering plant systematics. Students earning graduate credit perform a primary literature survey on a topic selected in consultation with the instructor and deliver a 30-minute oral presentation to the class. Prerequisite: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 503. Taxonomy and Geography of Flowering Plants. (4). (OFFERED EVERY SUMMER) An introduction to the principles and methods of plant taxonomy and to the study of the patterns of plant distribution and the origin of these patterns. Class time is divided among lectures, laboratories, and field work. Field trips throughout Sedgwick County and to the Flint and Chautauqua Hills provide an opportunity to collect specimens and to observe ecology and distribution of native species of flowering plants. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem 112, or instructor's consent.

Biol 523. Freshwater Invertebrates (4). 2R; 4L.(OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS)  Emphasizes the ecology, taxonomy, form and function of free-living, freshwater invertebrates. Half of the course deals with arthropods. Includes methods of collecting, culturing, and preserving specimens. Part of the course grade is based on a collection of invertebrates correctly prepared and identified. For graduate credit, students submit a term paper or a more extensive collection within a given taxon. Prerequisites: Biol 211 and Chem 212.

Biol. 524. Vertebrate Zoology. (3).  (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS) Evolution, distribution, systematics, natural history and special characters of vertebrate animals. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with instructor. Prerequisites : Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112; Biol 527 is also recommended.

Biol. 526. Endocrinology. (4). 3R; 3L. (NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED) The hormonal regulation of bodily functions is considered in representative vertebrate systems, including humans. Students enroll in both lecture and laboratory portions of class. Students earning graduate credit submit a term paper on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 527. Comparative Anatomy. (5). 3R; 4L. (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS) An intensive study of representative chordates emphasizing vertebrate anatomy. Students earning graduate credit complete additional assignments chosen in consultation with the instructor, such as a term paper based on technical literature, dissection of additional animals, etc. Prerequisite: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 528. Parasitology. (4). 2R; 4L. (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS)The parasites of man and other vertebrate hosts. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 530. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. (3). (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS)  A characterization of the roles of microbes in natural and manmade environments. Discussions of microbial ecology and communities, interrelationships with higher organisms, biogeochemical cycling, biotechnology, and bioremediation. Students earning graduate credit produce an additional research paper based on primary literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 532. Entomology. (4). 3R; 4L. (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS) An introduction to the morphology, physiology, life cycles, behavior, ecology, and economic significance of insects. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor or develop proficiency in a specific taxon by performing an individual systematics project. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112.

Biol. 534. Human Physiology. (3). (OFFERED EVERY SPRING) An organ systems approach to mammalian-primarily human-physiology. Emphasizes nervous and endocrine control systems and the coordination of body functions. Students earning graduate credit submit a term paper based upon library research on a topic in mammalian physiology chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 531, or instructor's consent.

Biol 535. Human Physiology Laboratory. (2). 4L. (OFFERED EVERY SPRING) An empirical approach to mammalian physiology. Students seeking graduate credit submit an additional laboratory report relating the results of a laboratory experiment to those found in the current technical literature. Prerequisite: concurrent or prior enrollment in Biol 534.

Biol. 540. Developmental Biology. (4). 2R; 4L. (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS)  Developmental processes in animals emphasizing vertebrates. Centered on the cell interactions controlling differentiation and morphogenesis. Students earning graduate credit complete additional assignments chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 112. Biol. 420 recommended.

Biol 560. Plant Ecology (2). 2 R. (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS) An examination of the relationship of plants to their environment at the organism, population, community, and ecosystem levels. For graduate credit,
a student must pre p a re and present a thirty-minute lecture over one of the topics covered in this course. Pre requisites:Biol 418 and Chem 112 or instructor's consent.

Biol 561. Plant Ecology Laboratory (2). (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS) Laboratory component of Biol560. Field trips are an integral part of the course. Emphasizes an experimental approach to plant ecology. For graduate credit, a student must present the results of the library/laboratory project orally, as well as in writing. Prerequisite: prior or current enrollment in Biol560.

Biol 570. Conservation Biology (3). (OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS) Examines the application of fundamental concepts in ecology, evolutionary biology and genetics to the preservation of biological diversity at the levels of genotypes, species and ecosystems. Topics covered include 1) how biologists quantify biological diversity, 2) threats to biological diversity, 3) tools used to evaluate the level of threat to individual species and to design species management plans, and 4) concepts and considerations for preserve design. Decisions related to biodiversity conservation often have social and economic consequences, students explore these complexities through case studies. Skills developed in this course include critical reading of primary scientific literature, scientific writing and oral presentation. Prerequisite: Biol 418.

Biol 573. Statistical Application in Biology. (3). (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS) Supplements STAT 370 by providing experience with practical applications of statistical theory to biological data. Includes computations on data derived from both the primary literature and independently designed research projects. Emphasizes the design of experiments to answer specific hypotheses, the treatment of non-normally distributed data sets and nonhomogeneous experimental test units and the use of packaged computer programs for certain statistical tests. Access to calculators with at least two memory banks is strongly encouraged. Students earning graduate credit complete an additional statistical analysis assignment involving the use of the computing facilities. Prerequisite: STAT 370.

Biol 575. Field Ecology. (3). 9L. (OFFERED EVERY SUMMER) Techniques for analysis of systems consisting of living organisms and their environments. Field trips are required. Students earning graduate credit perform an individual project on comparative community structure and report the results as a technical paper. Prerequisite: Biol 418 or instructor's consent.

Biol 578. Aquatic Ecology. (5) 2R; 6L. (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS) Introduction to the biological and physical processes that operate in lakes, streams, and estuaries. Requires assigned readings, individual projects, and field trips. Students earning graduate credit investigate and compare the characteristics and properties of two freshwater ecosystems or investigate a specific taxon or trophic level in a freshwater ecosystem. The results of this investigation are reported as a technical paper. Prerequisites: Biol 418 or instructor's consent.

Biol. 590. Immunobiology. (3). (OFFERED EVERY SPRING) The nature of antigens and antibodies and their interactions. Includes cellular and humoral aspects of immunologic phenomena. Students earning graduate credit prepare a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211 and Chem. 531.

Biol 595. Avian Biology (3). (OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS) Presents birds (Class Aves) as models in contemporary animal behavior, physiological ecology, evolutionary biology, population ecology and conservation. The laboratory portion of the course teaches field identification of resident and migratory species by sight, song and call note on frequent field trips to a diversity of habitats, and culminates in a field survey of avian species diversity and abundance conducted by each student. Additional laboratory topics are bird banding, determination of age, sex, body lipid reserves, morphological measurement, and population census. Student-led discussions of current papers in avian biology are required, as is an all-day Saturday field trip during spring migration through the Central Flyway, which includes south-central Kansas. Graduate students must write a term paper on an approved topic in avian biology. Prerequisites: BIOL 204 or 211 and CHEM 112 or consent of the instructor.

Biol. 610. Topics in Botany. (3-4). Selected offerings in botany. Consult the Schedule of Courses for current offering( s). Students wishing to enroll in courses not listed in the current Schedule must complete a Directed Independent Study Abstract form and obtain approval prior to enrollment. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211, Chem. 112 and instructor's consent.

  • Biol 610G.  Ecosystem Management & Restoration (3). (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS)  This course will focus on the application of ecological principles to the design, implementation, and evaluation of land management plans and restoration projects.  In the first section of the course, we will survey the ecological principles and socio-economic realities that must be integrated into land management plans.  The second section of the course will focus on case studies representing a wide-range of ecological systems to illustrate the application of ecological principles to real-world situations.  A major component of the course will be group projects in which students will development a management plan for a degraded ecosystem in south-central Kansas.
     

Biol 626. Reproductive Biology. (3). (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS) Covers the basic organization and function of vertebrate reproductive systems. Includes current concepts and contemporary research from the molecular to the population level. Students earning graduate credit prepare a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: Biol 420; Biol 526 is strongly recommended.

Biol 630. Behavioral Ecology. (3). (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS) A study of the biological basis of social behavior, stressing the underlying evolutionary and ecological mechanisms. Lectures will examine altruism and kin selection, kin recognition mechanisms, sexual behavior, sexual selection and mate choice, mating systems, and reproductive strategies from the perspective of natural selections. Students earning graduate credit will be expected to write a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: Biol 418.

Biol. 640. Topics in Zoology. (3-4). Selected offerings in zoology. Consult the Schedule of Ccourses for current offering(s). Students wishing to enroll in courses not listed in the current Schedule must complete a Directed Independent Study Abstract form and obtain approval prior to enrollment. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Repeatable. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211, Chem. 112 and instructor's consent.

  • Biol 640F. Stream Ecology (4).  (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS)
  • BIOL 640G. Neurobiology (3). (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS)
  • BIOL 640P. Evolution (3). (OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS)

Biol 660. Topics in Microbiology. (2-4). Selected offerings in microbiology. Consult the Schedule of Courses for current offering(s). Students wishing to enroll in courses not listed in the current Schedule must complete a Directed Independed Study Abstract Form (below) and obtain approval prior to enrollment. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: Biol 204 or 211 and instructor's consent.

  • Biol 660F.  Virology.  (3). (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS)
  • Biol 660G.  Pathogenic Microbiology. (3). (OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS)  

Biol. 666. Special Topics in Biochemistry. (3).  (OFFERED EVERY FALL SEMESTER) Primarily for students who choose the biochemistry field major. Discusses a small number of current problems in biochemistry in depth. Requires reading published research papers in the field. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisites: Biol. 204 or 211, Chem. 662 and 663.

Biol 669. Research in Biochemistry. (2). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Cross-listed as Chem 669. Primarily for students who choose the biochemistry field major. Required participation in a biochemistry research project under the direction of a faculty member and a written report summarizing the results. May be repeated once for credit. S/U grading only. Prerequisite: Biol 420 or Biol 500, Chem 662 and Chem 663 or Chem 664 and instructor's consent.

Biol 710. Glycobiology. (3). (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS)  Introduction to glycoprotein biosynthesis, structure, and function. Covers the various roles of carbohydrates in modifying protein structure and function. Students earning graduate credit prepare a term paper on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: Biol 420.

Biol 730. Cancer Biology. (3).  (OFFERED FALL ODD YEARS) The basic mechanisms of carcinogenesis will be covered by discussing the control of normal and abnormal cell growth in several model systems. Students earning graduate credit will also submit a term paper dealing with a specific topic to be determined by discussion with the instructor. Prerequisite: Biol 420.

Biol 737. Aquatic Toxicology (3). (NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED) The qualitative and quantitative study of the fate and effects of toxic agents in the aquatic environment. Class examines the concentrations or quantities of chemicals that occur in the aquatic environment and includes a detailed study of the transport, distribution, transformation, and ultimate fate of various environmentally important chemicals. Class is for undergraduateor graduate students interested in advanced training in toxicology. Prerequisites: Biol 418 or equivalent and Chem 531 or equivalent, or instructor's consent.

Biol 738. Plant and Animal Interactions (3).  (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS) Develops and expands basic ecological and evolutionary concepts presented in earlier biology courses including natural selection, coevolution, population growth, and factors structuring ecological communities. Applies these concepts to the study of herbivory, pollination by animals, and seed dispersal by animals. Designed to improve students’ abilities to read current primary scientific literature critically with particular emphasis on identifying and evaluating evidence for hypotheses in ecology and evolutionary biology. Introduces the peer review process and hones students’ scientific writing skills. Students write a mini-review article of a current hypothesis in the field of plant-animal interaction. An oral presentation based on the findings of the mini-review are also required. Prerequisites: Biol 418 or equivalent general ecology course.

Biol 740. Topics in Graduate Biology (2–4). Lecture, laboratory, field techniques, selected readings, or discussion course pertaining to a specific biological topic not available in the regular curriculum. May include oral presentations(s) and/or written paper(s). Topics are developed by individual faculty members and reflect current topics, in-depth analysis, and biological specialities. May be taken more than once for credit up to 6 hours. Prerequisites: any two of the following three courses: Biol 418, 419, 420; and instructor's consent.

  •  Biol 740B Biodiversity, Phylogeny, and Biogeography. (3). (OFFERED FALL EVEN YEARS) This course surveys the theory, principles, methods, and applications of biodiversity sciences including systematics, biogeography, and phylogeny. The pervasive role of phylogenetic data in evolutionary biology (e.g., biogeography, co-evolution, speciation, conservation) and other fields (e.g., epidemiology, anthropology, agriculture) will be highlighted. Species diversity, species radiations, structure of the "tree of life", the wealth of comparative data (from genes to proteins and morphology), and the role of systematics in conservation biology will be discussed. 

Biol 760. Experimental Molecular Biology. (4). 2R; 6L. (OFFERED SPRING ODD YEARS) Introduces upper-level undergraduate and graduate students to molecular biology techniques. The methodology primarily involves the manipulation of DNA and the expression of genetic material in prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. Prerequisite: Biol 419 or Biol 420.

Biol 767. Mechanisms of Hormone Action. (3).  (OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS) The mechanism of action of several hormones is described and used to illustrate the major intracellular signal transduction pathways. Includes gonadotropin-releasing hormone, the glycoprotein hormones, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, chorionic gonadotropin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, steroid hormones, thyroid hormone, activin/inhibin, prostaglandins, insulin, and growth hormone. Mostly lectures covering signal transduction pathways. Students will write brief summaries of recent research papers related to the current week's lecture topics. Each student will make an orgal presentation of a research paper in journal club format. Students earning graduate credit will write a term paper describing in detail a hormone not described in class and its mechanism of action. Prerequisite: Biol 420 and Chem 662 or their equivalents, plus either Biol 534 or Biol 526 or their equivalents, and instructor's consent.

Biol 780. Molecular Genetics. (3). (OFFERED SPRING EVEN YEARS) Studies of the physiochemical nature of genetic material and the mechanisms of genetic regulation of metabolism. Students earning graduate credit produce a term paper and deliver a class seminar based on the technical literature on a topic chosen in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: Biol 419 or Biol 584.

Biol 797. Departmental Seminar. (1). (OFFERED FALL & SPRING) Forum for the weekly presentation and discussion of the ongoing research projects performed by departmental faculty, graduate students, and guest scientists from outside departments and institutions. All MS degree-bound graduate students are required to attend the seminar each semester and must enroll for credit during the two semesters in which they give presentations that will be the basis for their grade. One of these presentations may be their thesis defense. Prerequisite: acceptance into MS program

Biol 890. Research in Biology. (2-5). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Thesis research for MS students choosing the thesis option. S/U grading only.

Biol 891. Thesis (2). (OFFERED EVERY SEMESTER) Students must be enrolled in this course during the semester in which the thesis is defended. S/U grade only.