Most printing jobs require bindery and/or finishing. This final stage in production adds one or more days after printing is completed.
In-house bindery capabilities include:
It is important to consider the bindery procedures when designing the printed piece.
Folds can be specific as: single, parallel, and right angle. A single fold makes one fold line. In parallel folding, each fold is parallel to the others such as in a business letter also called a tri-fold.
Booklets can be produced by collating, folding in half, saddle stitching, and trimming the front edge.
Padding is the process of applying glue to the edge of individuals sheets to form a pad (e.g., memo pads or multiple page business forms). Carbonless form are padded using a special glue.
Trimming is necessary because most printing materials are not printed at the finished size. Smaller pieces will be printed in multiples and cut apart for efficiency and cost savings. Printed pieces with bleed (printing extending to the edge of the sheet) need to be trimmed to produce a clean edge. Booklets will also be trimmed to produce smooth edges.
Scoring is the indentation made on heavier paper so that it will fold easily and accurately. Scoring can reduce cracking along the fold but it will not eliminate it entirely if there is solid ink coverage or if the score is not running with the grain of the paper. Some paper stock will not fold without cracking.