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GEOLOGY

Undergraduate Geology Courses

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 Lower-division coursework

GEOL 102.

Earth Science and the Environment (3). 3R, or (4). 3R; 2L.

General education introductory course. Studies the processes that shape the Earth's physical environment; the impact of human activities on modifying the environment; use and abuse of natural resources including soil, water, and air; waste disposal; and natural environmental hazards. GEOL 102 (4) 3R; 2L is recommended for students desiring general education credit for a natural science laboratory experience. Credit not allowed in both GEOL 102 and 111.

GEOL 111.

General Geology (4). 3R; 2L.

General education introductory course. An overview of the Earth, the concepts of its origin,  composition, materials, structure, landforms, and history; and natural processes operating to create the Earth's physical environment. May  require field trips into the earth laboratory. Credit not allowed in both GEOL 102 and 111.

GEOL 235.

Meteorology (3). 2R; 2L.

General education further study course (physical science). Lab fee. An introductory study of the atmosphere and its properties and the various phenomena of weather.  Includes a brief survey of important principles of physical, dynamic, synoptic, and applied meteorology. Does not apply toward a major or minor in geology. Requires field trips at the option of the instructor.
Prerequisite: instructor's consent.

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 Upper-division coursework

GEOL 300.

Energy, Resources, and Environment (3).

General education issues and perspectives course. Studies the dependence of human beings on the Earth's metallic, non-metal, industrial mineral, energy,soil, and water resources; the methods for their discovery and recovery; their uses; and the influenceof economics, politics, and social institutions in determining how exploitation affects the natural environment and our standard of living. Prerequisite: any introductory course in biology, chemistry, geology, or physics.

GEOL 302.

Earth and Space Sciences (3). 2R; 2L.

General education further study course. A general survey of the physical environment, including elements of geology, geography, meteorology, climatology, oceanography, and astronomy. May require field trips.

GEOL 310.

Oceanography (3).

General education further study course. Geologic origin of ocean basins and sea water; dynamics of waves, tides, and currents; physical and chemical properties of sea water; diversity of life in the oceans; economic potential, law of the sea, and the effect of people on the marine environment.

GEOL 312.

Historical Geology (4). 2R; 2L.

General education further study course. Systematic review of earth history and its preservation in the rock record using field evidence for sequences of physical, biological, and tectonic events in selected areas. Also includes the origin and evolution of life. Field trips required. Prerequisite: GEOL 102 or 111 or GEOL 302 or equivalent.

GEOL 320.

Mineralogy and Optical Mineralogy (4). 1R; 6L.

Elementary crystallography. A study of the origin, composition, and structure of the rock-forming minerals with laboratory emphasis on recognition of their typical forms, occurrences, associations, and identification; and optical recognition via thinsection petrography. May require field trips. Prerequisites: GEOL 102 or 111; CHEM 103 or 211; MATH 112 or 123.

GEOL 324.

Petrology and Petrography (3). 1R; 6L.

The origin, distribution, occurrence, description, and classifications of igneous,  metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks with laboratory emphasis on their hand-sample and optical (thin-section petrographic) recognition. Prerequisite: GEOL 320.

GEOL 410.

Honors in Geology (3).

Senior thesis for departmental honors. The independent study project on a topic of the student's choice must be original research or creative work. Repeatable to a maximum of 6 credit hours. Prerequisites: acceptance by the Emory Lindquist Honors Program and departmental approval.

GEOL 430.

Field Studies in Geology (2-6).

Off-campus, systematic field study in a selected area of geologic significance. Course is given upon demand and may be repeated for credit when locality and content differ. Where appropriate, travel, lodging, and board costs are charged.

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 Undergrad/Grad coursework

GEOL 526.

Sedimentary Geology (3). 2R; 3L.

Origin, classification, primary structures, and physiochemical processes controlling deposition of sedimentary rocks. Reviews diagenesis of carbonate rocks and evaporites. Includes a survey of modern and ancient sedimentary  depositional environments and petrographic study of sedimentary rocks in thin sections. May require field trips. Prerequisite: GEOL 102 (with lab) or 111.

GEOL 540.

Field Mapping Methods (2). 6L.

Field mapping methods with special reference to use of level, compass, barometer, alidade, and airphotos. Field trips required. Prerequisite: GEOL 102 (with lab) or 111 or GEOL /GEOG 201.

GEOL 544.

Structural Geology (3). 2R; 3L.

Stress strain theory and mechanics of rock deformation, description, and genesis of secondary  structural features in crustal rocks resulting from diastrophism, elements of global tectonics, and laboratory solution of geologic problems in three dimensions and time. May require field trips and field problems. Prerequisites: MATH 112 or 123; GEOL 312; and GEOL 324 or 526.

GEOL 552.

Physical Stratigraphy (3). 2R; 3L.

Description, classification, methods of correlation, and determination of relative ages of stratigraphic rock units; stratigraphic principles and practice; importance and use of biostratigraphy; the nature of cyclic sedimentation and controls on deposition; elements of sequency stratigraphy; measurement and correlation of stratigraphic sections in outcrops. Requires field trips. Prerequisites: GEOL 312 and 526.

GEOL 560.

Geomorphology and Land Use (2).

Identification of landforms and their genesis; processes producing landforms; the influence of geomorphology in aspects of natural hazards such as landslides, floods, earthquakes, and volcanic activity; soil erosion, drainage basin modification, coastal and desert environments, mineral resource exploitation, and their effects on humans; importance of these influences in environmental management and land-use planning. Prerequisite: GEOL 111 or GEOL 102 or GEOL /GEOG 201.

GEOL 564.

Remote Sensing Interpretation (3). 2R;3L.

Introduces interpretation techniques for most types of images acquired by remotely positioned means. Physical principles that control various remote sensing processes using the electromagnetic spectra are applied to  geology, land use planning, geography, resource evaluation, and environmental problems. Derivative maps generated from a variety of images. May require field trips. Prerequisite: GEOL 102 or 111 or GEOL/GEOG 201.

GEOL 570.

Biogeology (3). 2R; 3L.

General education further study course. Systematic survey of major fossil biogeological materials, analysis of the origin and evolution of life, and paleoecological interpretation of ancient environments and climates. Includes handlens and binocular microscopic examination of major fossil biogeological materials. Includes application of analyzed fossil data to the solution of problems in biogeochronology, paleoecology, paleoclimatology, and paleogeography. Cites examples from fields of invertebrate, vertebrate and micropaleontology, and palynology. May require museum and field trips. Prerequisite: GEOL 312.

GEOL 574.

Special Studies in Paleontology (3). 2R; 3L.

General education further study course. A systematic study in selected areas of biogeology and paleontology. Content differs, upon demand, to provide in-depth analysis in the fields of: (A) invertebrate paleontology, (B) vertebrate paleontology, (C) micropaleontology, (D) palynology, and (E) paleoecology.Gives appropriate laboratory instruction in the systematics, taxonomy, and biogeological relationships within the selected fields listed. May require field trips. Repeatable for credit to cover all five areas listed.

GEOL 621.

Geochemical Cycling (3). Capstone course.

The geochemistry of earth materials and the important geochemical processes; cycles operating on and within the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere through time; anthropogenic effects on these cycles today. Prerequisites: GEOL 102 (with lab) or GEOL 111 and CHEM 211; or instructor's consent.

GEOL 630.

Field Studies in Geology (2-6).

(A) Geology of Kansas (1-3); (B) Geology and Natural History of Tropical Marine Environments (C). Off-campus, systematic field study in a selected area of geological significance. Course given upon demand; repeatable for credit when locality and/or content differ. Where appropriate, travel, lodging, and board costs are charged. Prerequisite: instructor's consent.

GEOL 640.

Field Geology (6). Capstone course.

Field investigation of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rock units and their structures. Includes the application of mapping methods in solving geologic problems. Held at an off-campus field camp for five weeks (including weekends). Preparation of geologic columns, sections, maps, and an accompanying report are due on campus during the sixth week. Prerequisite: GEOL 324, 540, 544, and 552.

GEOL 650.

Geohydrology (3). 2R; 3L. Capstone course.

The hydrologic cycle, physical, and chemical properties of water; fluid flow through permeable media; exploration for and evaluation of groundwater; water quality and pollution; and water law. Prerequisites: GEOL 552, MATH 242 and 243; or instructor's consent.
GEOL 657. Earth Science Instructional Methods (3). Practice in teaching an introductory course in the earth sciences. Developing and presenting the latest scientific laboratory techniques and evaluating their effectiveness. May be taken more than once if content and objectives differ. Prerequisite: senior standing and department chairperson's permission.

GEOL 678.

Geologic Perspectives on Climactic Change (3). Capstone course.

Modern climate and Climactic changes and analysis of climactic deterioration; systematic study of geologic evidence of climate change through time. Emphasizes theoretical causes, feedback mechanisms, and recognition of effects on Climactic perturbations in the rock record. Prerequisites: GEOL 312 and 526.

GEOL 680.

Geologic Resources and the Environment (3). 2R; 3L.

Occurrence and origin of metallic and nonmetallic economic mineral deposits; laboratory examination of ores and industrial minerals. Occurrence and supply, regeneration, and future demand for water and soil resources; and fossil and nuclear fuels. Studies environmental aspects of resource exploitation and use, generation and disposal of waste, environmental hazards, and reclamation. May require field trips. Prerequisite: GEOL 324.

GEOL 682.

Petroleum Geology (3). 2R; 3L.

The origin, migration, and accumulation of oil and gas in the earth's crust; reservoir trap types in common hydrocarbon fields, origin and types of porosity systems, and distribution of world petroleum supplies. Introduces subsurface study techniques. May require field trips. Prerequisites: GEOL 526 and 552.

GEOL 684.

Methods of Subsurface Analysis (2). 1R; 3L.

Methods of remotely logging and describing the geologic occurrence of subsurface strata; characterization of subsurface strata, including laboratory analysis of recovered subsurface samples; application to petroleum geology, mineral resource evaluation, and environmental geology. Prerequisites: GEOL 312, 526, and 552; or instructor's consent.

GEOL 690.

Special Studies in Geology (1-5).

Systematic study in selected areas of geology. Offered on demand; repeatable for credit when content differs. Requires laboratory work or field trips (instructor's option). Prerequisite: instructor's consent.

GEOL 698.

Independent Study in Geology (1-3).

Independent study on special problems in selected areas of geology: (a) general, (b) mineralogy, (c) petrology, (d) structural, (e) paleontology, (f) economic geology, (g) sedimentation, (i) stratigraphy, (j) geophysics, and (k) petroleum. Requires a written final report. Prerequisite: consent of sponsoring faculty.

GEOL 702.

Environmental Science I (5). 3R; 4L.

Advanced theoretical and applied principles of the interdisciplinary study of environmental science. Includes chemical cycling, atmospheric chemistry, aquatic chemistry, and phase interactions. The laboratory portion addresses local environmental problems from a risk assessment perspective. GEOL 702 and 703 (or equivalent) are required for all graduate students in the EEPS master's program. Prerequisite: acceptance in the EEPS master's program or instructor's consent.

GEOL 703.

Environmental Science II (5). 3R; 4L.

Advanced theoretical and applied principles of the interdisciplinary study of environmental science. Includes environmental chemical analysis, environmental toxicology, aquatic microbial biochemistry, environmental biochemistry, water treatment, photochemical smog, and hazardous waste chemistry. The laboratory portion addresses local environmental problems from a risk assessment perspective. GEOL 702 and 703 (or equivalent) are required for all graduate students in the EEPS master's program.Prerequisite: GEOL 702 or instructor's consent.

GEOL 704.

Environmental Science Colloquium (1).

Cross-listed as CHEM 704. Students in the EEPS master's program are required to enroll two semesters during their program of study. Includes presentations by guest speakers and required readings for class discussion. May also include student involvement in environmentally related community groups and projects. Graded S/U only. May be repeated for up to four hours credit.

GEOL 706.

Environmental Science Internship (3-6).

Cross-listed as CHEM 706. Students in the EEPS master's program may gain interdisciplinary skills in environmental science by participating in applied and/or basic research internship projects with local business, industry, or government agencies. Internship option is an alternative to thesis research for degree requirements. Enrollment in internship projects requires an approved proposal. Completion of an internship for graduation requires a formal oral presentation of the internship activity and a written report. Prerequisites: Environmental Science I and II.

GEOL 720.

Geochemistry (3).

The chemistry of natural aqueous solutions and their interaction with minerals and rocks; thermodynamics and kinetics of reactions; emphasizes application to sedimentary environments and environmental problems. Requires some laboratory work. Prerequisites: GEOL 324 and CHEM 212 or instructor's consent. GEOL 724. Soils (3). Geologic analysis of soil types, their formation,  occurrence, and mineralogy; soil management and conservation; environmental aspects of soil occurrence including stability studies, pollution, and reclamation.

GEOL 726.

Carbonate Sedimentology (3). 2R; 3L.

The origin and genetic description of carbonate particles, sediments and rocks, mineralogy and textural classifications; depositional environments in carbonate rocks and analysis of modern and ancient depositional system. May require field trips. Prerequisites: GEOL 526, 552, or equivalents.

GEOL 727.

Carbonate Diagenesis (3). 2R; 3L.

Analyzes diagenesis of carbonate sediments and rocks. Includes mineralogic stability in natural waters, meteoric, marine and deep-burial diagenesis, dolomitization processes and products; trace-elements and isotopes as diagenetic tools, cathodoluminescence and x-ray diffraction studies of carbonates;origin and porosity. Prerequisite: GEOL 726 or instructor's consent.

GEOL 730.

Perspectives: Geoscience and the Environment (3).

A perspective of global issues of geoenvironmental concern with regard to past, present, and future exploitation, use, and availability of earth's resources; marine and terrestrial pollution and resource use; water, minerals, and fuel resources; population growth and resource availability; the greenhouse effect, global climactic change, and sea level rise and their effects on populations; future trends in environmental management and remediation of environmental problems of geologic scope. Prerequisite: GEOL 312, 680; or instructor's consent.

GEOL 740.

Basin Analysis (3).

A practical course in analysis of petroleum-bearing or other sedimentary basins; emphasizes detailed subsurface mapping to document depositional, tectonic, and burial history of sedimentary basins; subsurface lithologic and geochemical sample analysis and evolution of sedimentary facies systems and hydrocarbons maturation history. Includes compilation of existing data to determine geologic evolution of basins. Prerequisites: GEOL 682, 684, or instructor's consent.

GEOL 745.

Advanced Stratigraphy (3).

Analysis of stratigraphic sequences at the local to global scales in terms of sequence stratigraphic concepts and highresolution interpretation of depositional sequences (from outcrop and subsurface data); seismic sequence stratigraphy, and significance of unconformities in sequence identification and development; local to global correlation of sequences and sea level history through time; cratonic sequences of North America. Required 7-day field trip. Prerequisites: GEOL 312, 526, and 726.

GEOL 750.

Workshop in Geology (1-3).

Short-term courses with special focus on geological problems. Prerequisites: graduate standing and/or instructor's consent.

GEOL 751.

Advanced Geohydrology (3).

Integrations of practical and theoretical coverage of subsurface fluid flow as applied to shallow aquifers. Covers the mass transport in both the saturated and vadose zones as well as the occurrence and movement of non-aqueous fluids. Covers groundwater quality, sources of groundwater contamination, retardation of contaminants, retardation and attenuation of dissolved solids and the response of inorganic and organic substances to subsurface aqueous and framework chemistries. Computer simulation models used whenever practical along with detailed analysis of case histories, including those related to environmental geoscience. Prerequisite: GEOL 650, 681, MATH 344, or instructor's consent.

GEOL 752.

Climactic Evolution of the Earth (3).

Basics of climatology and paleoclimatology, and recognition of paleoclimatic indicators in the rock record. Climatic changes at different scales in Earth history and possible causes, and nature of climactic records. Roles of climate change on the evolution of Earth's biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. Field trip(s) may be required. Prerequisite: GEOL 721, graduate standing, or instructor's consent.

GEOL 760.

Exploration Geophysics (3).

Introduces the theory and application of geophysical techniques for hydrocarbon, mineral, and groundwater prospecting. Includes use of seismic techniques; instrumentation for acquisition on land and sea; seismic processing; structural and stratigraphic modeling; 3-D seismic exploration; and seismic refraction techniques. Prerequisites: completion of geology undergraduate math and physics requirements; MATH 344 or 555; GEOL 324 and 544; and instructor's consent.

GEOL 781.

Advanced Numerical Geology (3).

Involves practical implementation of algorithms and computer code. Includes the analysis of multivariate techniques and the development of the computer/algorithm skills needed to handle very large databases. Covers standard statistical approaches to data analysis; treatment of applied linear algebra and matrix theory; and the application of linear and non-linear discriminate analysis, various factor analytic techniques, hard and fuzzy clustering, linear and non-linear un-mixing analysis, and other forms of data modeling. Prerequisites: GEOL 681 or equivalent, competence in one or more high level computer languages, MATH 344 or 555, and instructor's consent.

GEOL 795.

Earth and Space Physics (3).

Cross-listed as PHYS 795. An introduction to the geosciences and astrophysics of the solar system. Topics will include the surface, interior and atmospheres of the planets with a comparative planetology approach, and the sun-planet system including solar physics and the effect of the sun on the earth's environment and geologic history. Prerequisites: PHYS 313-314, and MATH 242, or EEPS 721, or instructor's consent. Please see the Graduate Catalog for courses numbered 800 and above.