Title: Community Policing: A Practical Guide for Police Officials
Citation: Brown, P. Lee. (1989, August), The Police Chief, 72-82.
Keywords: Evolution of Community Policing, Phases of Community Policing
The article is a guide to accommodate and encourage the transition from traditional policing practices to a philosophy of community policing. There is an explanation of the origins of community policing along with several identifying characteristics of traditional policing. There is also an examination of how early traditional policing practices became less effective and how an incremental transition to community-oriented programs were begun. The article then describes how traditional policing philosophy was changed to a community policing philosophy in the Houston Police Department. The authors suggest for community policing to be a success there had to be a two-phase process. Phase one allowed community policing to incorporate the public in a meaningful way in police efforts. Phase two emphasized a set of values that would involve problem solving and cooperation with the community.
Through these two phases the transition was made easier and the department accomplished its task. An important finding from the article is the transition from traditional policing to community policing is not instantaneous. The transition is an evolutionary process and departments cannot expect to easily or quickly adopt this new style of policing.