Title: Foot Patrol Without Community Policing

Citation: Cordner, W. Gary. (1994). Foot Patrol Without Community Policing, P. 182-191 in D.P. Rosenbaum, ed. The Challenge of Community Policing: Testing the Promise. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Keywords: Foot Patrol Studies, Calls-For Service, Crime Specific Policing

The chapter describes the effects of a foot patrol program that was implemented within a public housing site in Lexington, Kentucky. This program was initiated in January 1991 and was continuing as of July 1993 when this description of the setting and the presentation was completed. A public housing site named the BlueGrass-Aspendale in Lexington had become an open-air drug market. Dealers, lookouts, and runners occupied the sidewalks outside the pubic housing site. Elderly residents feared for their safety and parents would not allow their children to play in the common areas. Police acknowledge that high crime, drug sales, and large amounts of call-for-service characterized the area. With the appointment of a new police of chief the department began to attempt to improve the quality of life in the area. A twelve officer special task force was assigned to the area to carry out a crackdown with high visibility. This special task force utilized a foot patrol that was intended to establish a dependable and credible police presence. Findings indicate that the foot-patrol had a very positive effect on the Bluegrass-Aspendale public housing area. The once present and obvious open-air drug market no longer exists, elderly residents and children now use the common areas. However, findings also indicate that calls-for service which were initial lower have apparently been short lived. Moreover, the implementation of foot-patrols has resembled more traditional policing rather than community policing. Thus, it is not necessary to associate foot patrol with community policing for it to be successful.