Title: Implementing Challenges in Community Policing

Citation: Sadd, Susan., Randolph, M. Grinc. (1996, February). NIJ Research in Brief, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice

Keywords: Neighborhood-Oriented Policing, Program Evaluations, Implementation Issues

This brief describes a National Institute Justice sponsored evaluation of Innovative Neighborhood-Oriented Policing (INOP) programs that were established in eight suburban sites in 1990. The eight jurisdictions that were selected for the initial INOP demonstration were; Hayward, California, Houston, Texas, Louisville, Kentucky, New York, New York, Norfolk, Virginia, Portland, Oregon, Prince George’s County, Maryland, and Tempe, Arizona. The program used community policing initiatives to enhance police-community partnerships in an attempt to decrease the demand for illegal drugs. A key issue in the study was the implementation process and how the police officers, public agencies, and the community were involved. Findings indicated resistance by police officers to the implementation of community policing and organizing the community. Moreover, police officers generally did not understanding community policing; and believed the INOP program as less productive, more time consuming, and felt their powers of enforcing law were restrained. This brief explains INOP’s limited success may be contributed to transforming ideas into action and especially within the short timeframe of this evaluation.